Assault is an attempt to commit a violent injury upon someone else. In order to be convicted of assault, the following have to be true:
- The defendant acted in a way that would most likely result in the applying force directly to someone else
- The defendant acted willfully
- The defendant was aware that his or her actions would result in applying force to someone else
- The defendant was capable of applying force to someone else when he or she acted
You don’t have to touch someone else in order to be guilty of assault, only act in a way that would lead to applying force.